BIOCHEMISTRY OF PLANT SECONDARY METABOLISMAcademic Year 2022/2023 - Teacher: LUCA VANELLA
Expected Learning Outcomes
Knowledge and understanding
At the end of the course, the student will know, from a biochemical perspective, the main secondary metabolites of plants and microorganisms, their impact on plant productivity and any pharmacological and nutritional use.
Ability to apply knowledge and understanding
Individual and group exercises, aimed at verifying the understanding of the concepts included in the course.
Autonomy of judgment
Administration of ongoing training tests aimed at self-assessment of the understanding and learning of already completed teaching units; conscious evaluation of teaching.
The student will strengthen the technical language of biochemistry and communication skills through interactions with the teacher and colleagues during the course.
The student will be able to update and expand their knowledge by independently drawing on texts, scientific articles and online platforms
It is also possible to contact the referent teacher CInAP (Center for Active and Participatory Integration - Services for Disabilities and / or SLD) of the Department, Prof. Giovanna Tropea Garzia and Anna De Angelis.
Attendance of Lessons
Detailed Course Content
Phenolic compounds: via the scichimic acid and aromatic amino acids. Biosynthesis of simple phenols. Lignin biosynthesis. Coumarins. Stilbenes, dibenzyls, benzoquinones, naphthoquinones and anthraquinones. Biosynthesis of complex phenols: flavonoids and tannins.
The terpenoids: Via mevalonic acid and the biosynthesis of isoprene.
Monoterpenes, sesquierpenes, diterpenes, triterpenes, tetraterpenes, polyterpenes.
Secondary nitrogen-containing metabolites
The alkaloids. Nicotine and tropane alkaloids. Isoquinoline alkaloids. Indole alkaloids. Cyanonegetic glucosides. Glucosinolates. Non-protein amino acids.
Secondary metabolites and plant hormones in the adaptation of plants to stress:
Adaptation to abiotic stresses. Adaptation to biotic stresses.
1- Buchanan B.B., Gruissem W e Jones R.L -Biochimica e Biologia Molecolare delle Piante- Zanichelli.
2- Lehninger, Nelson, Cox – Principi di Biochimica – Zanichelli
3- Maffei – Biochimica vegetali – Piccin
4- Raven, Evert, Eichhorn – Biologia delle piante - Zanichelli
5 -Taiz, Zeiger – Fisiologia vegetale – Piccin6 - Paul M.Dewick – Chimica, Biosintesi e Bioattività delle Sostanze Naturali- PICCIN
Learning Assessment Procedures
Examples of frequently asked questions and / or exercises
A. In the cytosol.
B. In glyoxisomes.
C. In peroxisomes.
D. In plastids.