Academic Year 2023/2024 - Teacher: Carmelo Giovanni MONACO

Expected Learning Outcomes

The main goal of the course consists of providing the analysis ability about:
- geological risk (hydrogeological, seismic, volcanic) evaluation by the definition of hazard control factors related to both geological and geomorphological processes and of the susceptibility of different elements of a region;
- Interpretation of thematic maps with different scales, as well as the recognition of active exogenous processes aiming at both the landscape protection and the evaluation of the hydrogeological risk;
- Prediction, prevenction and mitigation of the hydrogeological risk, also by applying the plannin procedures recommanded by the law in force (e.g. Piano Stralcio per l'Assetto Idrogeologico - P.A.I. at a
regional scale).

- Anti-seismic legislation in Italy.

Course Structure

The course includes 28 hours (4 CFU) of frontal lessons and 28 hours (2 CFU) of practical lessons (exercises, seminars, guided tours and educational field experiences).

If the teaching is given in a mixed or remote way, necessary changes may be introduced with respect to what was previously stated, in order to respect the program envisaged and reported in the syllabus.

As a guarantee of equal opportunities and in compliance with current laws, interested students can ask for a personal interview in order to plan any compensatory and/or dispensatory measures, based on their specific needs and on teaching objectives of the discipline. It is also possible to ask the departmental contacts of CInAP (Center for Active and Participatory Inclusion - Services for Disabilities and/or DSAs), in the persons of professor Anna De Angelis.

Required Prerequisites

Fundamentals of physics, geology and geomorphology

Attendance of Lessons

Strongly recommended

Detailed Course Content

Topics concerning the geological factors of hazard, such as  earthquakes, volcanic eruptions  and hydrogeological instabilities. In particular, surficial erosion, fluvial dynamics, landslides, coastal erosional processes and flood events.  Available data and web sources related to the distribution and the classification of the main geological and surficial instabilities will be presented, such as the PAI (Piano per l'Assetto Idrogeologico by Regione Sicilia) project and the Italian anti-seismic legislation.

Textbook Information

  • Scesi, Papini, Gattinoni - Geologia Applicata - Il rilevamento geologico-tecnico Vol. 1 - Casa Editrice Ambrosiana
  • Panizza – Geomorfologia – ed. Pitagora
  • Gisotti - Il dissesto idrogeologico. Previsione, prevenzione e mitigazione del rischio. Dario Flaccovio Editore

More educational material on the web site http://studium.unict.it/dokeos/2022/

Course Planning

 SubjectsText References
1 Introduzione al corso, concetti generali; definizione di rischioMateriale fornito dal docente
2 I processi endogeni: fenomeni vulcanici, movimenti tettonici e terremotiScesi, Papini, Gattinoni
3Il rischio vulcanicoMateriale fornito dal docente
4Il rischio sismicoMateriale fornito dal docente
5 Le descrizione geologico-tecnica dei terreni e delle rocce Scesi, Papini, Gattinoni
6I meccanismi di rottura delle rocce e dei terreni; l'equazione di CoulombMateriale fornito dal docente
7 I processi esogeni: erosione, trasporto, deposizionePanizza
8Il rischio idrogeologicoGisotti
9 Le frane e i dissesti: cause predisponenti, preparatorie ed innescantiScesi, Papini, Gattinoni
10 Monitoraggio delle frane e interventi di consolidamento. Casi di studio di frane e analisi topografica dei dissesti.Scesi, Papini, Gattinoni
11Dinamica costiera, erosione delle costePanizza, Gisotti
12Lettura e interpretazione di carte tematiche (geologiche, geomorfologiche, ecc.)Materiale fornito dal docente
13Il quadro normativo, il PAI - Piano per l'assetto idrogeologicoMateriale fornito dal docente
14La normativa antisismica in ItaliaMateriale fornito dal docente

Learning Assessment

Learning Assessment Procedures

Verification of learning takes place through an oral interview. The evaluation of the student's preparation will take place on the basis of the following criteria: learning ability and level of depth of the topics covered, properties of synthesis and exposition, and the student's ability to reason.

The vote follows the following scheme:


Knowledge and understanding of the topic: Important shortcomings. Significant inaccuracies

Ability to analyze and synthesize: Irrelevant. Frequent generalizations. Inability to synthesize

Use of references: Completely inappropriate


Knowledge and understanding of the topic: At the threshold level. Obvious imperfections

Analysis and synthesis skills: Just enough skills

Use of references: As appropriate


Knowledge and understanding of the topic: Routine knowledge Analysis and synthesis skills: It is capable of correct analysis and synthesis. Argue logically and consistently

Using references: Use standard references


Knowledge and understanding of the topic: Good knowledge

Analysis and synthesis skills: Has good analysis and synthesis skills. The arguments are expressed consistently

Using references: Use standard references


Knowledge and understanding of the topic: Knowledge more than good

Ability to analyze and synthesize: He has considerable abilities of analysis and synthesis

Use of references: Has explored the topics


Knowledge and understanding of the topic: Excellent knowledge

Ability to analyze and synthesize: He has considerable abilities of analysis and synthesis.

Use of references: Important insights.

N.B. Verification of learning can also be carried out electronically, should the conditions require it.

Examples of frequently asked questions and / or exercises

1. Definition of geological risk

2. Difference between endogenous and exogenous processes

3. Recognition on map of the main forms of the relief connected to surface instability

4. Classification of the main types of landslides

5. Analysis of maps of the hazard and risk of Sicilian sub-basins (PAI)

6. The antisimic legislation in Italy.