Academic Year 2023/2024 - Teacher: Giovanni SIGNORELLO

Expected Learning Outcomes

The student will get appropriate knowledge on theoretical concepts and practical tools for the management of protected areas according effectiveness and effciency goals, and for estimating social costs and benefit, economc impacts of ecotorurims on local communities, and appropriate knowledge on environmental assemment procedures.

Course Structure

Teaching includes  21 hours of frontal participatory and cooperative lectures and 42 hours of various typologies of exercises, including team works, examination f relevant study cases, field visits, individual research and presentations, seminars.

As a guarantee of equal opportunities and in compliance with current laws, interested students can ask for a personal interview in order to plan any compensatory and/or dispensatory measures, based on their specific needs and on teaching objectives of the discipline. It is also possible to ask the departmental contacts of CInAP (Center for Active and Participatory Integration - Services for Disabilities and/or DSAs)

Required Prerequisites


Detailed Course Content

  1. Protected areas and conservation planning: concepts, scopes, tools and normative frameworks
  2. Classifications of protected areas 
  3. Statistics and indicators on protected areas
  4. Managment of protected areas
  5. Monitoring tourism in protected areas 
  6. Social costs and benefits of protected areas 
  7. Local economic impact of protected areas
  8. Environmental assessment procedures: SEA, EIA
  9. Environmental assessment procedures: IA (ex art. 6 Habitat Directve)

Textbook Information

Worboys G.L., Lockwood M., Kothari A., Feary S. and Pulsford I. (eds),  Protected Area Governance and Management, ANU Press, Canberra, 2015

Kettunen M. & ten Brink P (eds), Social and Economic Benefits of Protected Areas. An Assessment Guide, Routledge 2013 

Signorello G. (a cura di), Materiali di approfondimento per l’economia e gestione delle aree protette, Catania, 2021

Marino D., La valutazione di efficacia per le aree protette, Franco Angeli, Milano, 2012​

Sassone S., Vademecum dell'ambiente, EPC editore, 2020

Piccioni L., Parchi naturali. Storia delle aree protette in Italia. Il Mulino, Bologna, 2023

Learning Assessment

Learning Assessment Procedures

Oral exams. 

Votes will be attributed according to the following scheme:

Knowledge and understanding of the topic: Significant shortcoming and inaccuracies
Analysis and synthesis skills: Irrelevant. Frequent generalizations. Inability to synthesize
Use of references: Completely inappropriate
Knowledge and understanding of the topic: At threshold level. Obvious imperfections
Analysis and synthesis skills: Barely sufficient ability
Use of references: Barely appropriate
Knowledge and understanding of the topic: Routine knowledge 
Analysis and synthesis skills: Is able to analyze and synthesize correctly. Argues logically and coherently
Use of references: Uses standard references
Knowledge and understanding of the topic: Good knowledge
Analysis and synthesis skills: Has good analysis and synthesis skills. Topics are expressed consistently
Use of references: Uses standard references
Knowledge and understanding of the topic: Knowledge more than good
Analytical and synthesis skills: Has considerable analytical and synthesis skills
Use of references: Has deepened the topics
Knowledge and understanding of the topic: Excellent knowledge
Analytical and synthesis skills: Has considerable ability to analyze and synthesize.
Use of references: Important insights

Examples of frequently asked questions and / or exercises

Nation law on protected area. Natura 2000 framework. IUCN classification of protected areas. Benefits of protected areas. Estimating recreation demand. Management plans. Environmental assessment of plan and project on Natura 2000 sites.